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Understanding the Different Types of Cannabinoids

understanding the different types of cannabinoids

The cannabis plant has different types of cannabinoids that naturally occur in its stems, leaves, and flower buds. Moreover, marijuana users benefit from the wellness effects of cannabinoids when they smoke, ingest, or use cannabis topically. Besides, cannabinoids interact with the endocannabinoid system in the body, which benefits users with calming and tension-relieving effects. Now, you may think about how many types of cannabinoids exist. We have dedicated this post to the same concern.

Researchers think there are more than 100 types of cannabinoids. Furthermore, at least 60 of the cannabinoids have also been identified to date. Moreover, eight (8) of those cannabinoids are most common, which include the following:

  • THC (Tetra-Hydro-Cannabinol)
  • THCV (Tetra-Hydro-Cannabis-Varin)
  • CBD (Canna-Bi-Diol)
  • CBDV (Canna-Bi-Di-Varin)
  • CBG (Canan-Bi-Gerol)
  • CBGV (Canna-Bi-Gero-Varin)
  • CBC (Canan-Bi-Chromene)
  • CBN (Canna-Bi-Nol)

Eight Different Types of Cannabinoids

Mentioned below are eight different types of cannabinoids:

1- THC

THC is perhaps one of the most well-known cannabinoids that you can find in marijuana products. It is responsible for psychoactive effects in cannabis users. When it comes to bioavailability, THC acts fast once the human body ingests it. THC in marijuana is responsible for a range of effects. Most importantly, THC can ease the following in users with its effects: Aches, nervousness, stomach discomfort, appetite, and mood.


It is less common than THC and is also closely related to THC. Nonetheless, it has a slightly different molecular structure than THC. Moreover, it is responsible for different effects. THCV blocks the CB1 receptor, which leads to the following effects:

  • Appetite Suppression
  • Nervousness Reduction
  • Circulatory System Regulation

Commonly, you will find THCV in African Sativa strains. THCV also produces fewer psychoactive effects in users.

3- CBD

CBD is not a psychoactive cannabinoid, and it is derived from the hemp plant. Cannabis users best recognize CBD for its calming properties. CBD does not bind with CB1 or CB2 receptors but may indirectly interact with them within the endocannabinoid system. For the same reason, it stimulates feelings of relaxation in users. Usually, marijuana users use CBD products for the following reasons:

  • Easing Discomfort
  • Reducing Nervousness
  • Improving Sleep
  • Relieve Stomach Discomfort

Not to mention, you can find CBD in oils, cannabis edibles, and also topical solutions. Furthermore, you can also find CBD-infused beverages in the market, similar to energy drinks.


CBDV is not psychoactive, yet you can find it in Indica strains originating from Asia or Africa. In addition, the strains with lower THC levels also have CBDV. Moreover, CBDV has a different molecular structure than CBD.

In addition, it affects the neurochemical pathway of capsaicin receptors with peripheral nervous systems and the endocannabinoid receptors. Besides, you can easily find CBD tinctures and resin that you may add to dishes or smoothies. Moreover, the benefits of CBDV are very much similar to CBD. That is ache reduction and modo enhancement.

5- CBG

CBG is naturally produced in acidic form as CBGA (Canna-Bi-Gerol Acid). It is also the mother cannabinoid of many cannabinoids, such as CBD and THC. CBG is significantly less prevalent in matured cannabis plants than CBD or THC. For the same reason, it is usually quite expensive. Primarily, CBG is available in the following forms: Oils and tinctures. Moreover, CBG with low to non-existent psychoactive effects is responsible for the following:

  • Ache Relief
  • Enhanced Mood
  • Improved Skin Health
  • Appetite Stimulation


CBGV is a cannabinoid that is common in the Sativa cannabis plant. Chemically, it is similar to CBG, and it has no psychoactive effects. CBGV helps cannabinoids in THC effectively bind to CB1 and CB2 receptors. Moreover, CBGV can help improve the following:

  • Skin Health
  • Body Discomfort
  • Appetite

Not to mention, CBGV within the cannabis plant can act as an insecticide to deter crawling predators.

7- CBC

CBC is derived from CBGA that may aid in brain development to benefit the following:

  • Memory
  • Mood
  • Aches

Moreover, CBC does not directly interact with CB1 and CB2 receptors. Further, it may block the effects of THC within the human brain. Besides, you can take it as tablets, pills, tinctures, or oils.

8- CBN

When THC heats or ages, it transforms into CBN. By the same token, some cannabis strains become less potent with time. Not to mention, CBN is psychoactive, as it is derived from THC. Yet, it is not significantly mind-altering as THC. Infusing CBN into THC products, such as gummies, promotes milder effects. You can find tinctures, oils, and capsules available in the market containing CBN. Moreover, CBN affects various bodily functions to help improve the following:

  • Sleep
  • Joint Discomfort
  • Tension

Final Words

The cannabis plant has different cannabinoids that naturally occur in its stems, leaves, and flower buds. Moreover, researchers think there are more than 100 cannabinoids, with eight common cannabinoids. Those eight common cannabinoids differ in effects and health benefits, plus they include the following:

  1. THC
  2. THCV
  3. CBD
  4. CBDV
  5. CBG
  6. CBGV
  7. CBC
  8. CBN

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